In traffic, the distance between vehicles is much more than a safety recommendation, it can be the guarantee of the preservation of life. The proper space between a car and a motorcycle, for example, allows the driver to make decisions in an agile, attentive and preventive manner, which helps to avoid accidents.
The safe distance between vehicles is one where the driver will have time and space to brake and stop without colliding with another vehicle or obstacle. The attention should be even greater for motorcycles, since the driver is more exposed to traffic.
There is no minimum regulated distance, since there are variables such as the type of vehicle and the weather conditions and type of highway. However, experts recommend keeping a distance of at least three seconds from the vehicle in front. For this, just take as a reference a point that is ahead, it can be a pole or a tree. As soon as the vehicle in front passes the object, start counting “one thousand and one, one thousand and two, one thousand and three.” If you get to the reference point before you finish counting, it means you need to slow down.
Based on the Brazilian Traffic Code, article 192, “failing to keep a lateral and frontal safety distance between your vehicle and others” is grounds for serious infraction, punished with 5 points on the wallet.
For you to know if you are at a safe distance from other vehicles, it will depend on the weather (sun, fog, snow or rain), speed, road conditions (descent, curve or straight), tires, brake, suspension system, weight of your vehicle, what type of position you are driving, visibility and your ability to react quickly.
There are tables and formulas for you to calculate this distance, especially on highways, but as they vary a lot, and depend in addition to the type and position of the vehicle, on other factors that also vary a lot, it is best to keep as far as possible (within common sense), to ensure your safety.
However, to maintain a safe distance between vehicles on highways, without the use of calculations, formulas or tables, you can use “the fixed reference point”.
• Observe the road in front of you and choose a fixed point of reference (on the bank) such as a tree, sign, pole, house, etc.
• When the vehicle in front of you passes this point, start counting slowly: fifty-one, fifty-two (plus or minus two seconds).
• If your vehicle passes the reference point before counting (fifty-one and fifty-two), you must increase the distance, decreasing the speed, to be safe.
• If your vehicle passes the landmark after you have spoken the six words, it means that your distance is safe.
• This procedure helps you stay away enough from other vehicles in transit, making it possible to make necessary emergency maneuvers or sudden stops without the danger of a collision.
If there is a need to stop on the sidewalk, another tip is to never go down the side of the road and never turn your back on vehicle traffic.
On rainy days, the tip is to reduce speed, stay within limits and always at a safe distance. Rain in particular is one of the factors that most cause accidents due to low visibility and lack of care on the part of some drivers, so care when driving in these conditions should be even greater.
For those who take the road on rainy days, always be attentive and redouble attention and care. Drive more carefully to avoid accidents and pile-ups on avenues and highways.
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